S&F Online, a triannual, multimedia, peer-reviewed, online-only journal of feminist theories and women’s movements, provides public access to the Barnard Center for Research on Women’s most innovative programming by providing written transcripts, audio and visual recordings, and links to relevant intellectual and social action networks. The journal builds on these programs by publishing related scholarship and other applicable resources. A forum for scholars, activists, and artists whose work articulates the ever-evolving role of feminism in struggles for social justice, S&F Online brings you the latest in cutting-edge theory and practice.

S&F Online is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative definition of open access.

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For permission to reprint, please contact the author.


The Barnard Center for Research on Women was founded in 1971 as one of the first feminist research institutes and is home to the nationally recognized The Scholar & Feminist Conference. Anthologies published in the 1980s, including The Future of Difference (1981) and Pleasure and Danger (1982), were based on this conference.

S&F Online continues the transformation of live event to publication by refashioning the eponymous conference as well as the Center’s other popular programs into a dynamic, living archive. A fusion of art, criticism, activism, and technology, S&F Online invites its audience to join in the conversation.


Tina Campt
Tami Navarro

Creative Director
Hope Dector

Editorial Assistant
Anne Jonas

Art Editor
Lindsay Caplan

Editorial Board
Marjorie Agosín, Wellesley College
Meena Alexander, Graduate Center, City University of New York
Jennifer Baumgardner, Author, Co-founder of Soapbox, Inc.
Elizabeth Bernstein, Barnard College
Susan Bernstein, University of Wisconsin, Madison
Amalia Cabezas, University of California, Riverside
Megan Callaghan, Bard College
Ann Cvetkovich, University of Texas, Austin
Flora Davidson, Barnard College
Anene Ejikeme, Trinity University
Elisabeth Jay Friedman, Barnard College
Marianne Hirsch, Columbia University
Krista Jacobs, Editor, Sexing the Political: A Journal of Third Wave Feminists on Sexuality
Carol Jacobsen, School of Art and Design, University of Michigan
Natalie B. Kampen, Barnard College
Crystal Kile, Newcomb College Center for Research on Women
Jessaca Leinaweaver, Brown University
Laura Levitt, Temple University
Nancy K. Miller, Graduate Center, City University of New York
Anu Rao, Barnard College
Amy Richards, Author, Co-founder of Third Wave Foundtion and Soapbox, Inc.
Tara Roberts, Publisher, FIERCE Magazine
Lesley Sharp, Barnard College
Herb Sloan, Barnard College

Editorial Interns
Priyanka Bhatt ’18
Michelle Chen ’15
Carly Crane ’15
Sarah DeYoung ’15
Dania Lewis ’17
Jessica Lempit ’15
Salma Nakhlawi ’17
Emma Schuster ’15
Emily Shepard ’16
Ruth Uruchima ’15
Justina Walker ’15